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Sensing Soil Microbes and Interactions: How Can Nanomaterials Help?

  • Poonam Sashidhar
  • Mukul Kumar Dubey
  • Mandira KocharEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Detecting microbial life in the soil environment is a goal of space exploration because of its influence not only on the plant growth but also on the human health. In order to identify the soil microbes contributing to the nutrient cycling and sustainable agriculture, various studies have been attempted to capture the microbial activity in vivo and to understand their role individually. However, these attempts have not been successful owing to the presence of nonculturable microbes in abundance. Advances in metagenomics study and sensor-based technology have contributed to a great extent to identify such microbes. Conventional soil microbial detection involving culture-dependent methods have failed to deliver in real time. Nanomaterial incorporation into biosensors can enhance the performance of biosensors due to their unique physicochemical properties. This field has initiated the understanding of the complex interplay between nanomaterials and microbes and the resulting biological consequences. This chapter provides brief insights into the importance of the soil microbiome and biosensors with nanomaterial interventions for bacterial detection. A range of nanomaterials have been investigated for their role in biorecognition. Additionally, the mechanistic aspects of nanomaterial-microbe interaction with implications for microbial detection are touched upon.

Keywords

Microbiome Microbial detection Microbial sensing Biosensors Nanomaterials 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Poonam Sashidhar
    • 1
  • Mukul Kumar Dubey
    • 1
  • Mandira Kochar
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.TERI Deakin Nanobiotechnology Centre, Sustainable Agriculture Division, The Energy and Resources Institute, TERI Gram, Gwal Pahari, Gurugram Faridabad RoadGurugramIndia

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