A Brief Overview on the Evolution of Drawing Machines
- 175 Downloads
Through the pictorial narratives engraved on the walls of the caves during prehistory, we are sure that Humans used drawing to express feelings and communicate, long before inventing writing. In the same way that utensils were used to help him, he also used several utensils to draw.
In the middle of the twentieth century, with all the technological evolution, we saw machines that helped artists in drawing and others that are extensions of the artist.
In a project seeking the development of a robotic system capable of drawing autonomously we were faced with the question for how long artists have used drawing machines for their aid or even their extension? In this work, we present a collection of artworks that demonstrates the use of drawing machines throughout history in the last 500 years and how they are being adapted and reinvented according to the most current and also developing technology. At present there is a vast field of experimentation of these machines with Interfaces and Sensors and Intelligent Human-Computer Interaction.
KeywordsDrawing machines Art machines Autonomous cybernetic machines
- 1.Drawing Machines. https://drawingmachines.org/. Accessed 14 July 2018
- 2.Watz, M.: Drawing Machines 1–12 (2004)Google Scholar
- 4.Pardey, A.: The Jean Tinguely Museum: caring for machine sculptures. In: Modern Art: Who Cares?: An Interdisciplinary Research Project and An International Symposium on the Conservation of Modern and Contemporary Art (2005)Google Scholar
- 6.Williams, L.P.: André-Marie Ampère. Scientific American, vol. 260, pp. 90–97. Scientific American, a division of Nature America, Inc. (1989)Google Scholar
- 7.Shanken, E.A.: Art in the information age: cybernetics, software, telematics, and the conceptual contributions of art and technology to art history and theory. ProQuest Dissertations Theses (2001)Google Scholar
- 8.Wanner, A.: The robot quartet: a drawing installation. Comput. Commun. Aesthet. X xCoAx2013 (2013)Google Scholar
- 11.Dreher, T.: IASLonline NetArt: History of Computer Art III.2 Computer Graphics (2011). http://iasl.uni-muenchen.de/links/GCA-III.2e.html. Accessed 02 July 2018
- 12.Cohen, J.M., Hughes, J.F., Zeleznik, R.C.: Harold: a world made of drawings. In: NPAR 2000, pp. 83–90 (2000)Google Scholar
- 14.A. M. dos S. P. Associação Portuguesa de Estudos Anglo-Americanos, Op. cit. (Lisboa), vol. 2nd Series, no. 2. APEAA (2013)Google Scholar
- 15.Moura, L.: A New Kind of Art: The Robotic Action Painter (2007)Google Scholar
- 17.Nadarajan, G.: Islamic Automation: Al-Jazari’s Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices | Muslim Heritage. http://www.muslimheritage.com/article/islamic-automation-al-jazari’s-book-knowledge-ingenious-mechanical-devices. Accessed 03 July 2018
- 18.Ha, D., Eck, D.: A Neural Representation of Sketch Drawings, April 2017Google Scholar
- 19.Heaven, D.: Machines that think: everything you need to know about the coming age of artificial intelligence (2017)Google Scholar