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Nanotechnology and Nanobiotechnology for Environmental Remediation

  • Elham F. Mohamed
  • Gamal Awad
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

Environmental contamination is one of the important issues that the world is confronting today, and it is expanding with each passing year and leading to the grave and harmful effect to the earth. At present, the air, water, and soil are contaminated with organic and inorganic pollutants. In parallel, the rapid growth of nanotechnology has gained a great deal of interest in the applications of nanomaterial’s potential in improved systems for monitoring and cleanup including all the three phases of the environment. It can develop the pollutants sensing and detection and help in the improvement of novel remediation technologies. In this chapter, we discuss the recent progress toward the use of nanotechnology and nanobiotechnology in a variety of abovementioned applications. Furthermore, we expand upon the current progress in nanomaterial engineering approaches describing several recent examples that are utilized to enhance stability, catalytic efficiency, and utilization of alternate oxidants. The chapter will provide a comprehensive knowledge in the definition of nanoparticles, the nanotechnology and the nanobiotechnology concept, and design of nanomaterial for potentially practical purposes. Finally, we provide a perspective on the future aspects of nanotechnology and its applications in air pollution remediation.

Keywords

Ecology Nanobiotechnology Nanoparticles Remediation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elham F. Mohamed
    • 1
  • Gamal Awad
    • 2
  1. 1.Air Pollution Department, Environmental Research DivisionNational Research CentreDokki, GizaEgypt
  2. 2.Chemistry of Natural and Microbial Products Department, Pharmaceutical and Drug Industries Research DivisionNational Research CenterDokki, GizaEgypt

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