Metal Ferrites and Their Graphene-Based Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications in Wastewater Treatment

  • Muhammad ZahidEmail author
  • Nimra Nadeem
  • Muhammad Asif Hanif
  • Ijaz Ahmad Bhatti
  • Haq Nawaz Bhatti
  • Ghulam Mustafa
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)


The metal ferrites (MFs) and their composites occupied a broad area of research in wastewater treatment because of their adsorptive, magnetic, and catalytic nature. This is due to their large surface area, high stabilities (for thermal, chemical, and mechanical stress), tuneable chemical composition, variety in size and shape, controllable magnetic properties, etc. The graphene (G) and graphene oxide (GO) (due to their exceptional electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties as well as extraordinary surface area) are performing excellently in wastewater treatment to remove/degrade several contaminants, both organic and inorganic. The composites of G/GO with metal ferrites are among the emerging candidates for wastewater treatment due to adsorption, photocatalytic degradation, and synergistic effect of adsorption-enhanced degradation, which offers excellent removal/degradation of contaminants along with easy magnetic separation. This chapter provides an excellent overview for the synthesis, characterization, and applications (in wastewater treatment) of metal ferrites and their graphene-based composites.


Metal ferrites Graphene Adsorption-enhanced degradation Wastewater treatment Magnetic composites 



Atomic force microscopy


Advanced oxidation process




Field emission scanning electron microscope


Ferrite nanoparticle




Graphene oxide


Graphene oxide-based inverse spinel nickel ferrites


High-resolution transmission electron microscopy


Metal ferrite


Metal oxide




Persistent organic pollutants


Scanning electron microscopy


Spinel ferrite


Superconducting quantum interference device


Transmission electron microscopy


Vibrating-sample magnetometer


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Zahid
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nimra Nadeem
    • 1
  • Muhammad Asif Hanif
    • 1
  • Ijaz Ahmad Bhatti
    • 1
  • Haq Nawaz Bhatti
    • 1
  • Ghulam Mustafa
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences (CIRBS)International Islamic University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan

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