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Metal Ferrites and Their Graphene-Based Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications in Wastewater Treatment

  • Muhammad ZahidEmail author
  • Nimra Nadeem
  • Muhammad Asif Hanif
  • Ijaz Ahmad Bhatti
  • Haq Nawaz Bhatti
  • Ghulam Mustafa
Chapter
Part of the Nanotechnology in the Life Sciences book series (NALIS)

Abstract

The metal ferrites (MFs) and their composites occupied a broad area of research in wastewater treatment because of their adsorptive, magnetic, and catalytic nature. This is due to their large surface area, high stabilities (for thermal, chemical, and mechanical stress), tuneable chemical composition, variety in size and shape, controllable magnetic properties, etc. The graphene (G) and graphene oxide (GO) (due to their exceptional electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties as well as extraordinary surface area) are performing excellently in wastewater treatment to remove/degrade several contaminants, both organic and inorganic. The composites of G/GO with metal ferrites are among the emerging candidates for wastewater treatment due to adsorption, photocatalytic degradation, and synergistic effect of adsorption-enhanced degradation, which offers excellent removal/degradation of contaminants along with easy magnetic separation. This chapter provides an excellent overview for the synthesis, characterization, and applications (in wastewater treatment) of metal ferrites and their graphene-based composites.

Keywords

Metal ferrites Graphene Adsorption-enhanced degradation Wastewater treatment Magnetic composites 

Abbreviations

AFM

Atomic force microscopy

AOP

Advanced oxidation process

BET

Brunauer-Emmett-Teller

FESEM

Field emission scanning electron microscope

FNP

Ferrite nanoparticle

G

Graphene

GO

Graphene oxide

GONF

Graphene oxide-based inverse spinel nickel ferrites

HRTEM

High-resolution transmission electron microscopy

MF

Metal ferrite

MO

Metal oxide

NP

Nanoparticle

POPs

Persistent organic pollutants

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SF

Spinel ferrite

SQUID

Superconducting quantum interference device

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

VSM

Vibrating-sample magnetometer

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Zahid
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nimra Nadeem
    • 1
  • Muhammad Asif Hanif
    • 1
  • Ijaz Ahmad Bhatti
    • 1
  • Haq Nawaz Bhatti
    • 1
  • Ghulam Mustafa
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Agriculture FaisalabadFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Basic Sciences (CIRBS)International Islamic University IslamabadIslamabadPakistan

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