Light-Activated Nanoparticles for Antibacterial Studies

  • Krishnapriya Madhu Varier
  • Wuling Liu
  • Yaacov Ben-David
  • Yanmei Li
  • Arulvasu Chinnasamy
  • Babu Gajendran
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 35)


Photolysis or light activation of electrons to an energy excited state to aid a release of energy could be utilized in many applications like industries and semiconductors as well as for antimicrobial action. This electron transfer mechanism is widely being incorporated to metals and metal oxides or sometimes with nanoparticles (NPs) to increase its reactivity. However, three forms of NP formulations are used for antibacterial action like nanocomposites, doped NPs, and metal oxide NPs. The preparation, synthesis, and antimicrobial application of the metal oxide NPs are explained coherently in this chapter. Moreover, the future prospects of these NP-assisted light-activated antimicrobial actions are also dealt in detail.


Photolysis Nanocomposites Doped nanoparticles Metal oxides Metal oxides NP synthesis Antimicrobial action 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Krishnapriya Madhu Varier
    • 1
    • 2
  • Wuling Liu
    • 3
    • 4
  • Yaacov Ben-David
    • 3
    • 4
  • Yanmei Li
    • 3
    • 4
  • Arulvasu Chinnasamy
    • 2
  • Babu Gajendran
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Medical Biochemistry, Dr. ALM PGIBMSUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of MadrasChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Biology and ChemistryThe Key Laboratory of Chemistry for Natural Products of Guizhou Province and Chinese Academy of SciencesGuizhouChina
  4. 4.State Key Laboratory of Functions and Applications of Medicinal PlantsGuizhou Medical UniversityGuiyangChina

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