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Bioreactors Operating Conditions

  • Leonardo Machado da Rosa
  • Daniela Maria Koerich
  • Saulo Varela Della Giustina
Chapter
Part of the Learning Materials in Biosciences book series (LMB)

Abstract

Wine production was one of the first areas where fermentation was used. At that time, the term fermentation was related to the conversion of sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Later, the word was related to microorganisms, due to the demonstration of the role of yeasts by Pasteur, and in the following decades became more related to enzymes. The term fermentation is associated with the metabolic process in which an organic substrate undergoes chemical changes due to the activities of enzymes secreted by microorganisms. Nowadays, fermenters are widely used in the most diverse processes, as in the conversion of biomass to biofuels such as ethanol, biohydrogen, and butanol, food additives and supplements, animal nutrition, industrial enzymes, pharmaceutical products, and chemicals, as well as to treat or provide valorization of industrial waste.

Keywords

Bioreactors Fermentative processes Operating conditions Operation mode Process control 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonardo Machado da Rosa
    • 1
  • Daniela Maria Koerich
    • 2
  • Saulo Varela Della Giustina
    • 3
  1. 1.Chemical Engineering DepartmentUniversity of Blumenau (FURB)BlumenauBrazil
  2. 2.Chemical Engineering DepartmentFederal University of São Carlos (UFSCar)São CarlosBrazil
  3. 3.Water QualityCatalan Institute of Water Research (ICRA)GironaSpain

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