Erasmus+ VET in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom
This chapter describes the situation of the Erasmus+ VET funding in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom during the period 2014/2016.
France, Italy and Spain are examples of what Greinert defines as the state-regulated model; Germany is the main example for the dual corporate model, whereas the United Kingdom represents the liberal market model (Greinert W-D, European vocational training systems: the theoretical context of historical development. In: C. (. Training) (ed) Towards a history of vocational education and training (VET) in Europe in a comparative perspective: Proceedings of the first international conference. Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg, p 169, 2004).
Germany, the United Kingdom and Spain were the top three destination countries for individuals taking a Leonardo training in 2007–2011, attracting between them 45% of all participants. Most participants came from Germany, France and Italy (EU COMMISSION, Study on mobility developments in school education, vocational education and training, adult education and youth exchanges. EU COMMISSION, Luxembourg, 2012).
France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom contain more than half of all the VET students in the European Union – EU, 54% in 2012 (THE WORLD BANK 2016).
The present research analyses how are Erasmus+ funds being distributed in France, Germany, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom to foster mobilities in VET. The information coming from these five countries can give us a wide image of the Erasmus situation of VET in Europe.
KeywordsErasmus vocational education and training – VET Regional Mobility Efficiency – RME Students Fair Access to Funds – SFAF National Equity – NE L’Agence Erasmus+ France CÉREQ Nationale Agentur Bildung für Europa beim Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung NA BIBB Agenzia nazionale Erasmus+ ISFOL SEPIE OAPEE Erasmus+ UK National Agency
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