European VET Mobility

  • Carlos de Olagüe-Smithson
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 30)


The first Leonardo da Vinci programmes (1995–2003) integrated all the previous European programmes dealing with vocational education and training like PETRA, EUROTECNET and FORCE.

In 2007, the Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP) integrated Leonardo in its framework and included all the other actions dealing with education. LLP offered all the European education institutions and stakeholders a framework to finance transnational projects. Although LLP built a common workplace for European education, each of the various sub-programmes was developed under different conditions, and their call procedures were not the same.

The different LLP sub-programmes have evolved into a unique Erasmus+ framework where all the European education sectors share the same application and call procedures.

Erasmus+ (2014–2020) is the current European programme in charge of fostering the development of transnational programmes in the areas of education, training, sport and youth policies and has continued developing the objectives found in its predecessors. Erasmus+ is focused on the adaptation to a fast changing world, tackling youth unemployment and preparing the workers for highly skilled jobs.


Erasmus VET COMETT EUROTECNET FORCE PETRA LINGUA Leonardo da Vinci vocational education and training Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP) Comenius Grundtvig Jean Monnet Development of Innovation (DOI) Transfer of Innovation (TOI) European Union, EU Europe 2020 Key Action 1 KA102 KA116 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos de Olagüe-Smithson
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidad Carlos IIIMadridSpain

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