The CVS/Phobia Link: Three Steps Toward Conviction

  • Harold N. Levinson


Of all my surprising insights over the past 50-plus years, the one that struck me as the most fascinating was the recognition of a link between dysfunctioning inner-ear/cerebellar mechanisms and phobias. Perhaps the reason for this “shock” had to do with my Freudian psychoanalytic training, which continually reinforced the belief that mental symptoms—especially those related to anxiety and phobias—were primarily due to subconscious mental causes.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harold N. Levinson
    • 1
  1. 1.Levinson Medical Center for Learning DisabilitiesGreat NeckUSA

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