MC-eLDA: Towards Pathogenesis Analysis in Traditional Chinese Medicine by Multi-Content Embedding LDA

  • Ying Zhang
  • Wendi Ji
  • Haofen Wang
  • Xiaoling WangEmail author
  • Jin Chen
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11439)


Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is well-known for its unique theory and effective treatment for complicated diseases. In TCM theory, “pathogenesis” is the cause of patient’s disease symptoms and is the basis for prescribing herbs. However, the essence of pathogenesis analysis is not well depicted by current researches. In this paper, we propose a novel topic model called Multi-Content embedding LDA (MC-eLDA), aiming to collaboratively capture the relationships of symptom-pathogenesis-herb triples, relationship between symptom-symptom, and relationship between herb-herb, which can be used in auxiliary diagnosis and treatment. By projecting discrete symptom words and herb words into two continuous semantic spaces respectively, the semantic equivalence can be encoded by exploiting the contiguity of their corresponding embeddings. Compared with previous models, topic coherence in each pathogenesis cluster can be promoted. Pathogenesis structures that previous topic modeling can not capture can be discovered by MC-eLDA. Then a herb prescription recommendation method is conducted based on MC-eLDA. Experimental results on two real-world TCM medical cases datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model for analyzing pathogenesis as well as helping make diagnosis and treatment in clinical practice.


Topic modeling Embedding Traditional Chinese medicine 



This work was supported by National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFC0803700), NSFC grants (No. 61532021 and 61472141), Shanghai Knowledge Service Platform Project (No. ZF1213), and SHEITC.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ying Zhang
    • 1
  • Wendi Ji
    • 2
  • Haofen Wang
    • 3
  • Xiaoling Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jin Chen
    • 4
  1. 1.Shanghai Key Laboratory of Trustworthy ComputingEast China Normal UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Liaoning UniversityShenyangChina
  3. 3.Shanghai Leyan Technologies Co. Ltd.ShanghaiChina
  4. 4.Department of Computer Science, Institute for Biomedical Informatics Department of Internal MedicineUniversity of Kentucky LexingtonLexingtonUSA

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