The City-States of Ancient Greece: Democracy, Science, and Legal-Rational Authority Emerge

  • Ronald M. Glassman


The Citizens Assembly (which in Greece remained a warriors assembly based on the hoplite phalanx military formation) gained power over the oligarchic city council; majority rule replaced the unanimity principle of tribes; constitutional law replaced tribal customary procedures; jury trials replaced the tribal elders and city oligarchs; no kings or full-time priests existed in Greece, and, the rational-scientific worldview began to replace the deeply religious worldview held by the Middle Eastern and Egyptian civilizations the Greeks made contact with. Aristotle describes the transition to democracy in his Constitution of Athens.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald M. Glassman
    • 1
  1. 1.NYU School of Professional StudiesStern College of Yeshiva UniversityNew YorkUSA

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