Introduction and Summary of the Conception of Justice in Islam

  • Hossein Askari
  • Abbas Mirakhor
Part of the Political Economy of Islam book series (PEoI)


Rawls and others focus on justice as the virtue of a society’s distributional institutions. Alternatively, scholars express justice as principle or criterion. Exceptions are Plato and the Platonic Islamic scholars who thought of a just society as an enlightened collectivity ruled by philosopher-kings. Only two systems of thought conceive justice as a system—Zarathustra, whose system requires that a just social system be anchored on just governance; and Islam, situating a just system explicitly around the axis of just governance. The Qur’an’s basis for justice is that societies do not need a separate theory of justice, but that compliance with rules of behavior handed down in the Qur’an assures the emergence of justice as a natural outcome of the practice of a rule-compliant society.

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© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hossein Askari
    • 1
  • Abbas Mirakhor
    • 2
  1. 1.George Washington UniversityWashington, DCUSA
  2. 2.INCEIFKuala LumpurMalaysia

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