Coup d’État and Exile

  • Abbas Vali
Part of the Minorities in West Asia and North Africa book series (MWANA)


This chapter argues that the nationalist movement in Rojhelat underwent a significant change in the aftermath of the 1953 coup in terms of both its organisational structure and political relations. The restructuring of Pahlavi absolutism centred primarily on the military and security organisations of the state, and the subsequent centralisation and rationalisation of the technologies of surveillance, suppression and domination shattered the clandestine organisation of the KDPI in the Rojhelat territory, forcing it into exile in Iraqi Kurdistan under the patronage of Mustafa Barzani. The advent of exilic nationalism set the ground for a power struggle between the ethnic nationalists and Marxist nationalists for domination in the party, ending in the triumph of the former in the Second Congress in 1964. The redeployed absolutism of Iranian state also emphasised the linkage between the Kurdish question and the national interest of the country, placing it firmly in the centre of the security problematic of the state and its strategic considerations in the region.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abbas Vali
    • 1
  1. 1.LondonUK

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