Cretaceous Volcanism in Peninsular India: Rajmahal–Sylhet and Deccan Traps

  • Vivek S. Kale
Part of the Springer Geology book series (SPRINGERGEOL)


The Indian Peninsula hosts Cretaceous continental flood basalts (CFB) that manifest its passage over the Kerguelen and Reunion hotspots in succession. The former yielded the Early Cretaceous Rajmahal–Bengal–Sylhet Province (113–118 Ma) in the eastern parts of the Indian plate. The ensuing passage over the Reunion yielded one of the largest CFB provinces, namely, the Deccan Volcanic Province (~68–61 Ma), linked to end-Cretaceous mass extinction event. This compilation of the available knowledge on these two provinces enumerates some of the more evident gaps that require focus in future studies.


Rajmahal Sylhet traps Deccan traps Continental flood basalt provinces Indian peninsula Cretaceous 



I am thankful to Prof. S.K. Tandon and Prof. Neal Gupta for inviting me to contribute to this volume and their suggestions and comments. This compilation draws significantly from the collaborations with Kanchan Pande, Kusumita Arora and N. Purnachandra Rao that were funded in parts by Department of Science and Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences and Government of India. I am grateful to open discussions with Abhay Mudholkar, Amogh Chitrao, Anand Kale, Hetu Sheth, Himanshu Kulkarni, Gauri Dole, Shilpa Patil Pillai, Devdutt Upasani, Priyanka Shandilya and numerous others over the years, which helped develop some of the views documented here. Mugdha Chimote helped in compiling this manuscript. The guidance of Prof. V.V. Peshwa, Prof. S.N. Rajaguru, Prof. K.V. Subbarao and Late Prof. A.V. Phadke has been the source of inspiration.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vivek S. Kale
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Center for Water Resources Development and Management [ACWADAM]PuneIndia

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