A Pilot Exploratory Proteomics Investigation of Mental Fatigue and Mental Energy

  • Emmalyn J. Dupree
  • Aurora Goodwin
  • Costel C. Darie
  • Ali BoolaniEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 1140)


Fatigue is a common and poorly understood problem that impacts approximately 45% of the United States (US) population. Fatigue has also been associated with fatigue-related driving accidents, school absences, decline in school performance and negative health outcomes. Fatigue has been linked to many diseases and is consistently underreported in medical care. Despite these high financial and societal costs, fatigue is a poorly understood problem and there is no consensus on how to measure fatigue. Proteomics is one of the most unbiased approach to measure differences in the protein levels from various biological fluids in two conditions, i.e. before and after mental exercise, aka fatigue. There are, however, challenges associated with such analyses: proteomics experiments are usually expensive and time consuming and also require a large number of participants. Here, we performed a proteomics experiment of three (pre- and post-fatigue) samples and also three matched controls (pre- and post-non-fatigue). We found no particular protein that has significant changes in fatigue sample upon treatment. We did note a potential association between changes in mental energy and Annexin A1. However, the study has value simply because it is an extra study in the field of fatigue, but also allows other to correlate our results with their results.


Mental fatigue Mental energy Mass spectrometry Proteomics 



We thank the past and present members of the Applied Physiology and Psychology Lab and the Biochemistry & Proteomics Group for the pleasant environment and fruitful discussions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmalyn J. Dupree
    • 1
  • Aurora Goodwin
    • 2
  • Costel C. Darie
    • 1
  • Ali Boolani
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Biochemistry & Proteomics Group, Department of Chemistry & Biomolecular ScienceClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA
  2. 2.Applied Physiology and Psychology Lab, Department of Physical TherapyClarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA

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