Institutions and Policy Instruments Required to Ensure Forests Are Managed Sustainably
In this chapter, the variation in the structure of forestry institutions in different countries is discussed and a unified organisation that covers all aspects of forestry (production, protection, conservation, forest products industry and trade, recreation and tourism) is strongly advocated. Private and community managed forests benefit from the support of Forestry Associations. The various regulatory, financial, technical and human resource instruments available to support sustainable forest management are reviewed. An analysis of the employment in forestry data reported in the FAO Global Forest Resource Assessment 2015 shows that countries that lost forest during the period employed about half the number of people compared with the countries that gained forest. The difference suggests that as many as 3.5 million additional staff are required globally to achieve sustainable forest management.
KeywordsInstitutional organisation Policy instruments Forestry employment
- Fraser, A. I. (1984). Reforestation research and demonstration for the establishment of commercial forests (Project No. ROK/82/013). Mission report. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
- de Camino, R., O. Segura, L. G. Arias and I. Perez, (2000), Costa Rica, Forest strategy and the evolution of land-use. Evaluation Country Case Study Series, The World Bank, Washington, DC:USA.Google Scholar
- McGinley, K., Alverado, R., Cubbage, D., Diaz, P. J., Jacovine, D. L. A. V., de Silva, F. L., et al. (2012). Regulating the sustainability of forest management in the Americas: Cross-country comparisons of forestry legislation. Forests, 3, 467–505. https://doi.org/10.3390/f3030467CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Scotland, N., & Fraser, A. I. (1999). A short discussion paper on performance bonds. Indonesia-UK Tropical Forest Management Programme (Report No. PFM/EC/99/02). Jakarta: DFID.Google Scholar