International and Global Issues

  • Alastair Fraser
Part of the Sustainable Development Goals Series book series (SDGS)


Attention is drawn to the conflict between the Sustainable Development Goals, especially Nos. 1, 2 and 15, whereby measures to achieve the first two (Poverty and Hunger) are likely to make achieving No. 15 (SFM) more difficult. International agreement is needed to decide on how to treat the life cycle of wood products for carbon trading. The System of Ecological and Environmental Accounts (SEEA) and the Wealth Accounting and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (WAVES) will help to highlight the impact of changes in forests on national wealth. There needs to be international agreement on the impact of illegal cross-border trade on the leakage of REDD+ payments and the sustainability of forest management.


Sustainable Development Goals International agreement National wealth 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alastair Fraser
    • 1
  1. 1.Consultant in Forest Policy and EconomicsPerthshireUK

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