Crossing the (Trans)Gender Bridge: Exploring Intersex and Trans Bodies in Canadian Speculative Fiction
This chapter analyzes two novels that explore the metaphor of the (trans)gender bridge, Kathleen Winter’s Annabel (2010) and Sybil Lamb’s I’ve Got a Time Bomb (2014). Trans and intersex people become the bridge, both in literary works and speculative fiction, as a way to anchor the transgender body to physical geography and national identity. These authors use the image of the bridge—more or less successfully, depending on their own gender orientation and their literary choices—to bridge communities, be it cis and trans, intersex, other queer, or geopolitical identities. The chapter argues that cisgendered appropriations of trans, intersex, and other identities is a problematic instance of (mis)representation.
KeywordsKathleen Winter Annabel Sybil Lamb I’ve Got a Time Bomb Transgender Queer theory
- Admin. 2010. “Kathleen Winter’s Book, ‘Annabel’.” OII – Australia – Intersex Australia, 28 September 2010. Accessed September 12, 2017. https://oii.org.au/9354/kathleen-winter-annabel/.
- Aizura, Aren. 2010. “The Persistence of Transgender Travel Narratives.” In Transgender Migrations: The Bodies, Borders, and Politics of Transition, edited by Trystan Cotton, 139–56. Toronto: Routledge.Google Scholar
- Aoki, Ryka. 2017. “The Gift.” In Meanwhile, Elsewhere: Science Fiction and Fantasy from Transgender Writers, edited by Casey Plett and Cat Fitzpatrick, 393–405. New York: Topside Press.Google Scholar
- Atwood, Margaret. 1972. Survival: A Thematic Guide to Canadian Literature. Toronto: House of Anansi.Google Scholar
- Bellemare, Andrea. 2017. “Women’s College Hospital in Toronto to Offer Genital Transition Surgery.” CBC News, June 28. Accessed September 1, 2017. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/kitchener-waterloo/gender-confirming-surgery-toronto-1.4181547.
- Deschenes-Pradet, Maude. 2014. “Writing About Invented Places: Ester Rochon’s Archipelago of Vrenalik.” In The Canadian Fantastic in Focus: New Perspectives, edited by Allan Weiss, 131–45. Jefferson: McFarland.Google Scholar
- Deshane, Evelyn. 2017. “No More Magical Transformations.” Vex Mosaic, March 13. Accessed April 1, 2017.Google Scholar
- Kaldera, Raven. 2013. “The InterSection.” RavenKaldera.org. Accessed September 3, 2017. http://www.ravenkaldera.org/gender-archive/intersection/dangerous-intersections.html.
- Ketterer, David. 1992. Canadian Science Fiction and Fantasy. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
- Lamb, Sybil. 2014. I’ve Got a Time Bomb. New York: Topside Press.Google Scholar
- ———. 2017. “Cybervania.” In Meanwhile, Elsewhere: Science Fiction and Fantasy from Transgender Writers, edited by Casey Plett and Cat Fitzpatrick, 192–216. New York: Topside Press.Google Scholar
- Léger, Tom. 2010. Is There A Transgender Text in This Class? New York: Topside Press.Google Scholar
- Mardollsdottir, Laine. 2015. “The Lady’s Quill: Queer and Trans Identities in Pagan Mythology.” Patheos, September 24. Accessed September 2, 2017. http://www.patheos.com/blogs/agora/2015/09/the-ladys-quill-queer-and-trans-identities-and-pagan-mythology/.
- Nelson, Maggie. 2015. The Argonauts: A Memoir, 2015. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press.Google Scholar
- Newman-Stille, Derek. 2014a. “Navigating in the Darkness: Blindness and Vampirism in Tanya Huff’s Blood Books.” In The Canadian Fantastic in Focus: New Perspectives, edited by Allan Weiss, 186–99. Jefferson: McFarland.Google Scholar
- ———. 2014b. “Speculating Diversity: Nalo Hopkin’s Brown Girl in the Ring and the Use of Speculative Fiction to Disrupt Singular Interpretations of Place.” In The Canadian Fantastic in Focus: New Perspectives, edited by Allan Weiss, 146–58. Jefferson: McFarland.Google Scholar
- Plett, Casey. 2015. “The Rise of the Gender Novel.” The Walrus, November. Accessed January 2017. https://thewalrus.ca/rise-of-the-gender-novel/.
- Prosser, Jay. 1998. Second Skins: The Body Narratives of Transsexuality. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
- Rubin, Henry. 2003. Self-Made Men: Identity and Embodiment Among Transsexual Men. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.Google Scholar
- Runté, Robert. 2014. “Why I Read Canadian Speculative Fiction.” In The Canadian Fantastic in Focus: New Perspectives, edited by Allan Weiss, 14–33. Jefferson: McFarland.Google Scholar
- Serano, Julia. 2007. Whipping Girl: A Transsexual Woman on Sexism and the Scapegoating of Femininity. Berkeley: Seal Press.Google Scholar
- Spoon, Rae, and Ivan E. Coyote. 2013. Gender Failure. Toronto: Arsenal Pulp Press.Google Scholar
- Weiss, Allan. 2014. “Introduction.” In The Canadian Fantastic in Focus: New Perspectives, edited by Allan Weiss, 1–13. Jefferson: McFarland.Google Scholar
- Winter, Kathleen. 2010. Annabel. Toronto: House of Anansi.Google Scholar