Social Policy of Russia as the Factor of Development of Human Capital
The article is devoted to the problems of social policy of modern Russia. The practice of developed countries of the world has convincingly shown that correct social policy is an important factor in the formation of human capital. The experience of many European countries shows that thanks to a purposeful social policy the state together with educational institutions, parents can not only form a harmoniously developed personality, but also provide a high standard of living, develop abilities and talents that are in demand by society.
Human capital, as is known, is a collection of knowledge, skills, and other personality traits that are used in socially useful work. The application of the concept of “human capital” allows us to understand the role of social institutions, to clarify not only social parameters, but also to conduct an economic analysis of the influence of the social factor on the market economy.
According to the theory of “human capital”, which was developed in the last century, the improvement of human qualities in the spheres of education and health provides the creation of economic resources of durable use. Education provides the necessary knowledge, forms skills, transforms the labor force, giving it the ability to highly skilled productive work, and healthcare increases the time and intensity of the use of human capital.
In analyzing the problems of social policy in modern capitalist Russia, the authors of the article concentrated mainly on an analysis of the causes that led to social stratification and the growth of poverty. Considerable attention is paid to social policy during the period of permanent economic crises that have become a characteristic phenomenon for post-Soviet Russia.
KeywordsSocial policy Human capital
- 1.The Constitution of the Russian Federation. M: Lawyer, 34 p. (2012)Google Scholar
- 2.The President’s Address to the Federal Assembly (2018). http://kremlin.ru/events/president/news/56957. Accessed 2 Mar 2018
- 3.Moiseev, V.V.: Who Lives Well in Russia. Monograph. M., Direct-Media, Berlin, 465 p. (2017)Google Scholar
- 4.Moiseev, V.V.: Social Policy of Russia. Monograph. M.: Direct-Media, 348 p. (2014)Google Scholar
- 5.State policy of formation of wages budget in Russia. Future Academy ISSN: 2357-1330, 2018. 02.109. http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs. Accessed 20 Feb 2018
- 6.Expert: the Russian health care budget until 2017 - half a million deaths of Russians (2017). http://doctorpiter.ru/articles/10399/. Accessed 4 Mar 2018
- 7.Roshal: All financial lobby has turned against healthcare. Doctor - on how to make effective Russian medicine (2018) https://iz.ru/621560/valeriia-nodelman/vse-finansovoe-lobbi-opolchilos-protiv-zdravookhraneniia. Accessed 4 Mar 2018
- 8.For 15 years, the number of hospitals in the country has halved (2018). http://gubkin.city/news/medicine/6344/. Accessed 5 Mar 2018
- 9.People’s perspective on health. http://o-gorod.net/news/352096/. Accessed 4 Mar 2018
- 10.RBC study: how much Russia actually spends on its citizens (2016). https://www.rbc.ru/economics/14/12/2016/584fd32e9a7947c251265ede. Accessed 4 Mar 2018
- 11.The state is steadily reducing the number of budgetary institutions in the field of education (2018). https://www.city-n.ru/view/181198.html. Accessed 5 Mar 2018
- 12.Why do Russian teachers pay so little? StroiMnogo, №1 (6) (2017). http://stroymnogo.com/science/economy/pochemu-rossiyskim-pedagogam-tak-ma/. Accessed 3 Mar 2018
- 13.Glagolev, S., Moiseev, V.: On the question of the effectiveness of state regulation of the economy during the crisis. Herald BSTU. Shukhov. # 1, pp. 204–205 (2016)Google Scholar
- 14.Putin, V.V.: Russia’s Development Strategy until 2020, 8 February 2008. Russia 2020. The main objectives of the country/Ch. Ed. Mr. Pavlovsky. M.: “Europe”, 56 p. (2008)Google Scholar
- 15.We must go to another job (2016). https://www.novayagazeta.ru/articles/2016/08/05/69459-nuzhno-uhodit-na-druguyu-rabotu. Accessed 4 Mar 2018
- 16.Putin: healthcare is a priority for Russia (2017). https://vademec.ru/news/2017/12/14/putin-nazval-zdravookhranenie-prioritetom-dlya-razvitiya-strany/. Accessed 4 Mar 2018
- 17.The brain drain from Russia threatens the country with a national catastrophe. Accessed 12 Apr 2018Google Scholar
- 18.Russia: brain drain accelerates, threatening the future of the country as a “great power”. https://inosmi.ru/politic/20170403/239025595.html. Accessed 12 Apr 2018