Psychological Readiness to Entrepreneurship of Economics Students

  • A. N. ZakharovaEmail author
  • G. S. Dulina
  • T. V. Talanova
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 138)


Political and economic changes in Russian society, the development of market relations resulted in the expansion of scientific research in the field of human behavior in the search for optimal ways to change public consciousness. The development of small and medium-sized businesses has led to the emergence of a new community of people - entrepreneurs who can greatly develop the economic progress of Russian society. Entrepreneurship as a form of economic activity is currently an important form of self-employment of a part of the population, a powerful factor in the creation of new jobs.

Entrepreneurship is an economically efficient business entity that specifies its attractiveness for young people under modern conditions of Russian society development and gives rise to mass enthusiasm to this type of business entity. However, according to modern entrepreneurship research of this country, the fact that to establish one’s own business and effective entrepreneurship it is required to show certain psychological traits of character, is frequently not taken into account. So the research into psychological readiness to entrepreneurship has proved to be extremely acute and socially important.

The article is dedicated to empirical study of psychological readiness to entrepreneurship of Economics students. In this work there has been used a questionnaire including a number of questions of standardized program of social and psychological research into economic consciousness of personality (A.P. Zhuravlev, N.A. Zhuravleva, V.P. Pozdnyakov, Psychology Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS PI)), the Holland code career test; methods to diagnose social and psychological attitude of the personality by O.F. Potyomkina. The research resulted in defining types of students showing different combinations of psychological traits of character and orientation to establish their own business. There have been offered recommendations to form psychological readiness to establish their own business in students under higher school conditions.

It is possible to practically realize the obtained results with state programs on support of youth entrepreneurship, small and medium-sized business, effective implementation of psychological counseling of these programs, the work of students’ centers on employment promotion and business incubation of higher schools.


Entrepreneurship Psychological readiness to entrepreneurship Economics students 


  1. 1.
    Abrekova, L.O.: Personality factors of students’ readiness for activity in the conditions of market relations, Karachaevsk (2006)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Amiryan, D.S.: The study of socio-psychological readiness for entrepreneurial activity and the conditions for its formation in the process of university training of specialists. Abstract of diss. kand-ta psychol. n. Yaroslavl State University. Yaroslavl. (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Brockhaus, R.H.: The Psychology of the entrepreneur. In: Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship, pp. 45–47. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs (1982)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bruner, K.: The idea of a man and the concept of society: two approaches to understanding society. THESIS 1(3), 51–72 (1993)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dynamics of socio-psychological phenomena in a changing society. Otv. Ed. AL Zhuravlev. Institute of Psychology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (1996)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dyshekov, B.N.: Formation of psychological readiness of pupils of professional lyceums for entrepreneurial activity in the sphere of small business. Abstract of diss. … kand-ta psychol. n. Karachaevsk (2008)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Glushchenko, E.V., Kaptsov, A.I., Tikhonravov, Yu.V.: Fundamentals of Entrepreneurship, p. 286. Herald (1996)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hezrich, R., Peters, M.: Entrepreneurship, or how to start a business and succeed, pp. 11–50 (1991)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Khanova, Z.G.: Formation of psychological readiness of university students for entrepreneurial activity. Abstract of diss. … Dr. psychol. n. Institute of Educational Technologies, Sochi (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Khashchenko, T.G.: Personality readiness of students to entrepreneurship. Abstract of diss. … Dr. psychol. n. Tambov State University. G.R. Derzhavin. Tambov (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kitova, D.A., Dyshekov, B.N.: Formation of the psychological readiness of the individual to legitimate entrepreneurial activity. Psychol. Econ. Manag. 1 (2011)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kitova, D.A.: Formation of psychological readiness for entrepreneurial activity. Trends in the Development of Modern Psychological Science: The Theses of the Jubilee Conference, pp. 58–72. Publishing house “Institute of Psychology RAS” (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kryukova, N.I., Zakharova, A.N., Dulina, G.S., Yusupova, Z.F., Belonovskaya, I.D., Bogdanova, J.N.: Didactic features of pedagogical interaction as the basis of university education. Man India 97(3), 29–41 (2017)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kutuev, R.A., Mashkin, N.A., Yevgrafova, O.G., Morozov, A.V., Zakharova, A.N., Parkhaev, V.T.: Methodological guidance of educational monitoring effectiveness. Mod. J. Lang. Teach. Methods 7(3), 405–410 (2017)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Morova, N.S., Talanova, T.V.: Ethnocultural and social dominants of pedagogical education in conditions of national region. Rev. Eur. Stud. 7(8), 182–188 (2015)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Musaelyan, I.E., Silnitsky, Yu.O.: Psychology of entrepreneurship - a new area of domestic psychological science. Bull. Moscow State Univ. 1(3) (1995)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Poznyakov, V.P., Gruzdeva, E.A.: Socio-psychological factors responsible attitude of entrepreneurs to other participants of business interaction. Knowl. Underst. Skill 3, 226–234 (2013)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Poznyakov, V.P., Vavakina, T.S.: Business partnership as a kind of social interaction: resource-value approach. Hum. Factor Probl. Psychol. Ergon. 2(69), 3–11 (2014)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Poznyakov, V.P.: Regional features of psychological relations of Russian entrepreneurs to their activities. Socio-psychological research of management and entrepreneurs, p. 84. IP RAS, Moscow (1999)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Poznyakov, V.P.: Social psychology of Russian entrepreneurship: research and practical applications. Soc. Econ. Psychol. 1(1), 80–104 (2016)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Psychology of entrepreneurial activity (Development of Russian entrepreneurship in the early 1990’s). Ed. V.A. Bodrov. Institute of Psychology, RAS, Moscow (1995)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schumpeter, I.: The theory of economic development: Studies of entrepreneurial profit, capital, credit, interest and the cycle of conjuncture. Progress, Moscow (1982)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Socio-psychological research of management and entrepreneurs. Otv. Ed.: A.L. Zhuravlev, E.V. Shorokhov. IP RAS, Moscow (1999)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Talanova, T.V., Shestakova, N.I., Shikanova, A.N.: Economic education of students in the study of foreign language in conditions of integration in the international economic area. Linguistics, linguodidactics, translation studies: topical issues and research prospects, pp. 181–184 (2016)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Tokov, R.Kh.: Diagnosis of the student’s psychological readiness for entrepreneurial activity. Abstract of diss. … kand-ta psychol. n. Stavropol (2005)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Vavakina, T.S., Poznyakov, V.P.: The image of a business partner in the presentations of Russian entrepreneurs. Knowl. Underst. Skill 2(217–224) (2013)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Vorobiev, A.N., Senin, I.G., Chirkov, V.I.: The questionnaire of professional preferences (Adaptation of D. Holland’s test “Self-directed search”). Leadership. Yaroslavl: SPC “Psychodiagnostics” (1993)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zhuravlev, A.L.: Interaction of socio-psychological and socio-economic phenomena in a changing society. Socio-psychological dynamics in the conditions of economic changes, pp. 32–36. IP RAS, Moscow (1998)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Zhuravlev, A.L., Zhuravleva, N.A.: Program of socio-psychological study of the economic consciousness of personality. Modern psychology: Status and prospects of research. Part 5. Programs and methods of psychological study of the individual and group. otv. Ed. A.L. Zhuravlev, pp. 11–42. Publishing house of the IP RAS, Moscow (2002)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Zhuravleva, N.A.: Dynamics of value orientations of various social groups in changing economic conditions. Socio-psychological studies of leadership and entrepreneurship (1999)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Zhuravlyova, N.A.: Value orientations of entrepreneurs in a changing Russian society. Bull. Russ. Univ. Friendsh. Peoples Ser. Psychol. Pedagogy 1(46–49) (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Zakharova
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. S. Dulina
    • 1
  • T. V. Talanova
    • 1
  1. 1.Chuvash State UniversityCheboksaryRussia

Personalised recommendations