The Material and Financial Situation of the Russian Orthodox Church in the XIX - Early XX Centuries
The article deals with the problem related to the material and financial situation of the Russian Orthodox Church in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The material examined by the authors shows us the history of the relationship between the Russian church and the state in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, that is, before the era of the Russian revolutions of 1917 began.
The material situation of the Russian parish clergy and the church as a whole in the period of XIX - early XX centuries is of special interest in Russian historiography. This interest is due to the continuing relevance of the issues of the relationship between the Russian state and the Russian Church throughout Russian history. After all, the church was a stronghold of the Russian statehood since the day of the baptism of Rus by Prince Vladimir in 988.
Therefore, the institutional field of interaction between the Russian Orthodox Church and the state has always provoked and will continue to attract the attention of historians until such institutions exist, and, as it is known they are not going anywhere.
The Russian government tried to find funding for the church, and financed it, as far as it was possible for the Russian treasury. However, it was impossible to do this because of the lack of public finances. Therefore, the government was on the way of reforms and cutting back funding for the church, reducing the number of parishes and clergy. It was contributed to the fact that the clergy and society were in a stalemate or deadlock, when the interests of both were infringed. In a word, the government has not been able to resolve the problem of financing of the Russian Orthodox Church.
KeywordsFinances of Russian church Incomes of priests Government policy towards the church
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