Energy Management in Sustainable Agriculture

  • Kodoth Prabhakaran Nair


Energy is directly or indirectly embodied in all types of resources, physical, chemical, biological, natural or artificial. All processes, natural and human-induced, result in the transfer and redistribution of direct and embodied energy. Energy is not a sectorial issue. It undergirds all developmental issues and thus has critical linkages to food production, productivity, food security, population, poverty, environment and health, economy, foreign exchange and trade impacts, environmental degradation, including climate change, national security, gender disparity, and, access to social services. The chapter discusses, at length, the various aspects related to the above-mentioned issues with specific reference to sustainable agriculture.


Energy Resources Quality and content Energy use Benefits Costs Impacts Low energy agriculture Energy budget Energy self reliance Energy equivalents Sustainable energy management High energy system Low energy problems Food-Energy commonalities Energy user Energy supplier Biomass energy Agricultural sector Livelihoods Bioenergy Renewable energy 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kodoth Prabhakaran Nair
    • 1
  1. 1.International Agricultural Scientistc/o Mavila PankajakshyCalicutIndia

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