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How to Manage Water Use for Sustainable Agriculture?

  • Kodoth Prabhakaran Nair
Chapter

Abstract

Global fresh water resources are finite and non replenishable. The renewable fraction of fresh water constitutes less than 1% of the total fresh water pool. This chapter discusses, at length, several aspects of sustainable water use for agricultural production, vis-à-vis global needs for all other purposes, including domestic and societal needs, in short, for the very survival of human kind on planet earth with the implications on food security. The chapter also discusses several other aspects of the key element, Nitrogen, in sustainable agriculture, starting from the nitrogen cycle to global warming, contributed by the unbridled use of urea in green revolution leading to enormous nitrous oxide emission, on urea hydrolysis, leading to global warming.

Keywords

Fresh water Supply-Demand chain of fresh water Ground water Water availability Water demand Irrigated area Irrigated agriculture Salinization Water logging Overexploitation of water Unsustainable Ground water use Global climate assessment Water Ambient climate Environment Varietal improvement Agronomic practices and crop choice Need-based irrigation Micro irrigation Sprinkler irrigation Water productivity Rainfed agriculture Brackish water Agricultural drainage Soil pollution Innovative and low-cost technologies Water sharing Equitable distribution Pricing water Regularity mechanisms Nitrogen fertilizer Nitrogen use Crop growth Photosynthesis N supply synchronization Nitrogen demand 

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Kodoth Prabhakaran Nair
    • 1
  1. 1.International Agricultural Scientistc/o Mavila PankajakshyCalicutIndia

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