Closing the Loop: Intentional Fashion Design Defined by Recycling Technologies

  • Kirsi NiinimäkiEmail author
  • Essi Karell


This chapter focuses on possibilities and limitations in fashion design using a closed loop approach. It describes how future recycling technologies will transform current garment design. As sustainable development enters the understanding of the circular economy (CE) approach, the principle of closing the material loop and recycling technology define the framework in which fashion designers have to work in the future. This chapter shows how this new knowledge on the recycling phase will have practical implications on fashion designers’ ways of designing garment lifecycles in the future. While doing so, the chapter constructs a definition of intentional fashion design that enables recycling.


Recycling Closing the loop Intentional fashion design Sorting technology Circular economy 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Arts, Design and Architecture, Design Research, Fashion/Textile Futures Research GroupAalto UniversityHelsinkiFinland

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