Can We Learn from Professional Dancers Safe Landing? Kinematic and Dynamic Analysis of the ‘grand pas de chat’ Performed by Female and Male Dancer

  • Joanna GorwaEmail author
  • Anna Fryzowicz
  • Robert Michnik
  • Jacek Jurkojć
  • Jarosław Kabaciński
  • Katarzyna Jochymczyk-Woźniak
  • Lechosław B. Dworak
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 925)


PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess and compare kinematic and dynamic aspects of ‘grand pas de chat’ dancing element performed by ballet dancers: a female and a male. METHOD: Tests were carried out with the use of the motion analysis system and the force plate. RESULTS: The research enabled kinematic and dynamic analysis of elements performed by dancers. The results made it possible to indicate when, during dancers’ movement, the greatest loads in their body occur. Also differences in kinematics of landing performed by female and male were observed. CONCLUSION: According to directives on technique and esthetics required in classical ballet by Vaganova [1] female rather than male performance of landing phase after ‘grand pas de chat’ was done safer. For amateurs an instruction on safe landing preserving sufficient amortisation should be incorporated.


Classical dance Professional dancers Kinematic analysis Ground reaction forces Safety 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanna Gorwa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Anna Fryzowicz
    • 1
  • Robert Michnik
    • 2
  • Jacek Jurkojć
    • 2
  • Jarosław Kabaciński
    • 1
  • Katarzyna Jochymczyk-Woźniak
    • 2
  • Lechosław B. Dworak
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biomechanics, Faculty of Physical Education, Sport and RehabilitationPoznań University of Physical EducationPoznańPoland
  2. 2.Department of Biomechatronics, Faculty of Biomedical EngineeringSilesian University of TechnologyZabrzePoland
  3. 3.Chair of BionicsUniversity of ArtsPoznanPoland

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