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Gender and First Psychotic Episodes in Adolescence

  • Álvaro Andreu
  • Maria Juncal Ruiz
  • Ernesto José Verdura Vizcaino
  • Beatriz Payá-GonzálezEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Research findings in first psychotic episodes in adolescence reveal the existence of differences between men and women in the clinical characteristics of the illness. Biological differences between men and women interacting with the predisposing factors that may, in turn, be influenced by social and cultural factors may explain differences in the etiopathogenesis and clinical expression of psychosis between males and females.

The male gender could lead to increased susceptibility to neurodevelopmental abnormalities as well as to a predisposition to substance abuse that could confer to the male gender to be more vulnerable to suffer more severe psychosis of neurodevelopmental origin.

On the other hand, the stress and traumatic experiences as a risk factor for psychosis may have a greater weight in the female gender. Given this, we should consider the possible predominance of the female gender in psychotic disorders associated with trauma.

Keywords

Adolescent First psychotic episode Gender 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Álvaro Andreu
    • 1
  • Maria Juncal Ruiz
    • 2
  • Ernesto José Verdura Vizcaino
    • 1
  • Beatriz Payá-González
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry DepartmentHospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, School of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, IiSGM, CIBERSAMMadridSpain
  2. 2.Hospital SierrallanaSantanderSpain
  3. 3.Child and Adolescent Psychiatry DepartmentHospital Universitario Marques ValdecillaSantanderSpain

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