External Fixation

  • K. Mohan Iyer


These external fixators are mainly useful in cases which cannot be treated by conventional means. They are mainly useful in sepsis, though they have certain limitations also.


Rigid fixation Pin fixators Ring fixators Hybrid fixator 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Mohan Iyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, Royal Free HospitalLondonUK

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