Mismatch and Noise

  • Badih El-Kareh
  • Lou N. Hutter


Component mismatch limits the precision of analog circuits, such as converters and current mirrors, and noise ultimately sets a lower limit on signals that can be detected and processed. Both mismatch and noise can have a large impact on the precision of analog and mixed-signal circuits. The first part of this chapter discusses random and systematic mismatch in passive and active components, mismatch characterization, and process and design methods to reduce mismatch. The second part describes the different noise mechanisms, focusing on low-frequency noise and methods to reduce it.

Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Badih El-Kareh
    • 1
  • Lou N. Hutter
    • 2
  1. 1.PIYECedar ParkUSA
  2. 2.Lou Hutter ConsultingDallasUSA

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