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Central and Peripheral Nervous Disorders

  • Francesca Pastorelli
  • Valentina Favoni
  • Sabina Cevoli
  • Roberto Michelucci
Chapter

Abstract

There is increasing attention on determinants of health including not only the genetic and biological differences between males and females defining what we usually call “sex” but also psychological, environmental, and sociocultural factors that define what is commonly called “gender” and which may affect disproportionally men’s and women’s health.

“Dimorphic neurology” focuses on differences between men and women in the causes, manifestations, response to treatments, and outcomes of neurological diseases.

In these pages the authors focus on the implications of sex, gender, and some of the most frequent neurologic diseases, such as stroke, dementia, epilepsy, migraine, and multiple sclerosis.

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Suggested Reading

  1. Johnson EL, Kaplan PW. Caring for transgender patients with epilepsy. Epilepsia. 2017;58(10):1667–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  6. Vetvik KG, MacGregor EA. Sex differences in the epidemiology, clinical features, and pathophysiology of migraine. Lancet Neurol. 2017;16(1):76–87.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesca Pastorelli
    • 1
  • Valentina Favoni
    • 2
  • Sabina Cevoli
    • 3
  • Roberto Michelucci
    • 1
  1. 1.IRCCS Institute of Neurological Sciences of BolognaUOC NeurologiaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical and NeuroMotor Sciences (DiBiNeM)Alma Mater Studiorum - University of BolognaBolognaItaly
  3. 3.IRCCS Institute of Neurological Sciences of BolognaUOC Clinica NeurologicaBolognaItaly

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