Advertisement

Water Combat on The Coast: Canaanite Storm-Gods and Israelite Wind-Spirits

  • James W. PerkinsonEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Having fleshed out the politics of water in contemporary Detroit with a thick layering of historical memory rooted in pre-colonial and colonial struggles at the Strait, augmenting indigenous Native approaches with diasporan African wisdom and older Celtic vision, Chapter 6 “crosses back” from these traditions to the biblical corpus. Here the task is one of re-tracing Israelite monotheism back into its older and more indigenous Canaanite ancestry, tracking the way Baal-traditions of a Storm-God battle with a Sea-Serpent broadly fund representations of Yahweh-Elohim’s potency as a Mountain Deity wielding Thunder-Weaponry and Rain-Fecundity as hallmarks of divine rule. Reading the Baal myth in its concourse from Sea Battle, through Mountain “Palace” construction, to Seasonal Struggle with Drought and Death, will open toward a question of the meteorological memory so codified—perhaps dating to climate change in the Younger Dryas period, or perhaps marking the advent of agriculture as a new lifeway in the Fertile Crescent.

Bibliography

  1. Björck, S. 2007. Younger Dryas Oscillation, Global Evidence, 1987–1994. In Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, ed. S.A. Elias, 1985–1993. Oxford: Elsevier B.V.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brown, Colin. 1997. What Was John the Baptist Doing? Bulletin for Biblical Research 7: 37–50. Viewed August 11, 2017, https://www.ibrbbr.org/files/bbr/BBR_1997_03_Brown_JohnBaptist.pdf.
  3. Brueggemann, Walter. 1996. The Earth Is the Lord’s. Sojourners (1986) (October): 28–32.Google Scholar
  4. Byock, Jesse L. (trans.). 1998. The Saga of Hrolf Kraki. New York: Penguin Books.Google Scholar
  5. Cheyne, T.K. (ed.). 1913. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges: The Book of Hosea. London: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Coogan, Michael D., and Smith, Mark S. 2012. Stories from Ancient Canaan, 2nd ed. Louisvilee, KY: Westminster John Knox Press.Google Scholar
  7. Corbett, Jim. 1991. Goatwalking. New York: Viking Press.Google Scholar
  8. ———. 2005. A Sanctuary for All Life: The Cowbalah of Jim Corbett. Englewood, CO: Howling Dog Press.Google Scholar
  9. Cronin, Thomas. 1983. Rapid Sea Level and Climate Change: Evidence from Continental and Island Margins. Quaternary Science Reviews 1 (3): 177–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Day, John. 1985. God’s Conflict with the Dragon the Sea: Echoes of a Canaanite Myth in the Old Testament. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Fitzgerald, Aloysius. 2002. The Lord of the East Wind. Washington, DC: The Catholic Biblical Association of America.Google Scholar
  12. Ford, J.N. 2002. The New Ugaritic Incantation Against Sorcery. RS 1992.2014, 119–152.Google Scholar
  13. Gottwald, Norman. 1979. The Tribes of Yahweh: A Sociology of the Religion of Liberated Israel, 1250–1050 B.C.E. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books.Google Scholar
  14. Graves, Robert, and Raphael Patai. 1964. Hebrew Myths: The Book of Genesis. New York: McGraw Hill.Google Scholar
  15. Grunwald, Michael, 2017. A Requiem for Florida, the Paradise That Should Never Have Been. Politico Magazine, September 8. Viewed February 5, 2018, https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/09/08/hurricane-irma-florida-215586.
  16. Haraway, Donna. 2015. Anthropocene, Capitalocene, Plantationocene, Chthulucene: Making Kin. Environmental Humanities 6 (1): 159–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hassett, Brenna. 2017. Built on Bones: 15,000 Years of Urban Life and Death. London: Bloomsbury Sigma.Google Scholar
  18. Hudson, Michael. 1995. The Privatization of Land: How It All Began (Reprinted from Land & Liberty). Viewed January 1, 2019, https://www.cooperative-individualism.org/hudson-michael_privatization-of-land-how-it-all-began-1995.htm.
  19. Kinze, Charles R. 2014. Nanodiamond-Rich Layer Across Three Continents Consistent with Major Cosmic Impact at 12,800 Cal BP. Journal of Geology 122 (9/14): 475–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lipnick, Jonathan. 2014. Four Sacred Mountains. Israel Biblical Studies Blog, December 6. Viewed September 22, 2018, https://blog.israelbiblicalstudies.com/holy-land-studies/four-sacred-mountains/.
  21. Mitteldorf, Josh. 2018. The Zeroth Law of Science. OpEdNews: Sci Tech, October 30. Viewed January 5, 2019, https://www.opednews.com/articles/Daily-Inspiration-mdash–by-Josh-Mitteldorf-Physics-181030-707.html.
  22. Myers, Ched. 2018. Nature Against Empire: Exodus Plagues, Climate Crisis and Hardheartedness. BCM Partner’s Circle E-News, May. Viewed September 24, 2018, https://www.chedmyers.org/blog/2018/07/08/%E2%80%9Cnature-against-empire-exodus-plagues-climate-crisis-and-hardheartedness-ched-myers.
  23. Noegel, Scott B. 1997. Sex, Sticks, and the Trickster in Gen. 30:31–43: A New Look at an Old Crux. Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Society 25: 7–17.Google Scholar
  24. Perkinson, James W. 2019. Between Fish-Songs, City Sermons, and Plant Riddles: Reading the Sign of Jonas Indigenously in Settler-Colonial Detroit (forthcoming in NAIITS Journal).Google Scholar
  25. Prechtel, Martín. 2001. Saving the Indigenous Soul: An Interview with Martin Prechtel. The Sun Magazine, April (Interview by Derrick Jensen). Viewed June 14, 2018, http://www.thesunmagazine.org/issues/304/saving_the_indigenous_soul.
  26. Rabinowitz, Jacob. 1998. The Faces of God: Canaanite Mythology as Hebrew Theology. Woodstock, CN: Spring.Google Scholar
  27. Sainato, Michael. 2017. How Florida’s Native Americans Predicted and Survived Hurricanes. The Real News, September 13. Viewed February 5, 2018, http://therealnews.com/t2/story:19991:How-Florida%27s-Native-Americans-Predicted-and-Survived-Hurricanes.
  28. Sarlo, Daniel. 2014. The Storm God Versus the Sea: An Examination of the Myth in the Bible and Elsewhere in the Ancient Near East. Academia.edu. Viewed September 26, 2018, https://www.academia.edu/2942573/The_Storm_God_Versus_The_Sea.
  29. Schmookler, Andrew Bard. 1995. The Parable of the Tribe: the Problem of Power in Social Evolution. New York: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  30. Schwartz, Louis Howard. 2007. Tree of Souls: The Mythology of Judaism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Scott, J.C. 2017. Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  32. Smith, Mark S. 2002 (1990). The Early History of God: Yahweh and the Other Deities in Ancient Israel. Dearborn, MI: Eerdmans Publishing.Google Scholar
  33. Thibault, Dana Bruce. 2018. God Bless Houston. OpEd News, September 3, 2017. Viewed February 5, 2018, https://www.opednews.com/articles/God-Blesses-Houston-by-Dana-Bruce-Thibaul-Climate_Climate-Change_Climate-Change-Deniers_Global-Warming-170903-311.html.
  34. Varady, Aharon. 2006. Rejoining Tetragrammaton, May 8, http://aharon.varady.net/omphalos/2006/05/rejoining-tetragrammaton.
  35. Wolbach, Wendy S., et al. 2018. Extraordinary Biomass-Burning Episode and Impact Winter Triggered by the Younger Dryas Cosmic Impact ∼12,800 Years Ago. 1. Ice Cores and Glaciers; 2. Lake, Marine, and Terrestrial Sediments. Journal of Geology 126 (2): 165–184, 185–205.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecumenical Theological SeminaryDetroitUSA

Personalised recommendations