Modelling of Shaking-Induced Slope Displacements During Strong Earthquakes

  • Roberto CudmaniEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering book series (SSGG)


A nonlinear wave propagation model, which is based on the theory of Hypoplasticity developed at the Institute of Soil Mechanics and Rock Mechanics at the KIT (former TU Karlsruhe) under the guidance of Prof. Gudehus, is applied for the simulation of the dynamic response of slopes during strong earthquakes. The model captures the main features of mechanical behavior of coarse and fine-grained soils under seismic-induced alternating shearing and is an alternative to the Newmark method, which simply assumes ideal-plastic Coulomb-friction sliding, for the estimation of earthquake-induced displacements of buildings and slopes during earthquakes. After a short introduction and validation, the capabilities of the model to predict the magnitude of permanent displacements as a function of the slope inclination, the intensity of the seismic excitation and the drainage conditions of the slope are shown exemplarily.


Ground response analysis Earthquake Slope Dynamic soil behavior 


  1. 1.
    Cudmani, R., Osinov, V., Bühler, M., Gudehus, G.: A model for the evaluation of liquefaction susceptibility in layered soils due to earthquakes. In: 12th Panamerican Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, pp. 969–976 (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ishihara, K., Muroi, T., Towhata, I.: In-situ pore water pressures and ground motions during the 1987 Chiba-Toho-Oki earthquake. Soils Found. 29(4), 75–90 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kluge, K., Cudmani, R.: Modelling the response of horizontal and sloped ground during strong earthquakes. In: Proceedings from the 2nd International Conference on Performance-Based Design in Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering, Taormina-Italy, vol. 08, no. 03, pp. 975–985 (2012)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Newmark, N.M.: Effects of earthquakes on dams and embankments. Géotechnique 15(2), 139–160 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Niemunis, A.: Extended hypoplastic models for soils. Institut für Grundbau und Bodenmechanik der Ruhr-Universität Bochum, No. 34 (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Osinov, V.A.: Cyclic shearing and liquefaction of soil under irregular loading: an incremental model for the dynamic earthquake-induced deformation. Soil Dyn. Earthq. Eng. 23, 535–548 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zienkiewicz, O.C., Chang, C.T., Bettess, P.: Drained, undrained, consolidating and dynamic behaviour assumptions in soil. Géotechnique 30(4), 385–395 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Zentrum GeotechnikTechnical University of MunichMunichGermany

Personalised recommendations