M&S-Based Robot Swarms Prototype

  • Marco Biagini
  • Fabio CoronaEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11472)


The future operational environment will be characterized by the employment of Unmanned Autonomous Systems (UAxS) on the battlefield. Contemporary technology is still not mature enough to support this vision and additional development and experiments are necessary. In particular, in the area of the interaction between the human beings and robots, taking into consideration the role of the military Command and Control (C2) Operational Function.

The NATO Modelling and Simulation (M&S) Centre of Excellence is going further in this area and in collaboration with Industry and Academia has developed a prototype of a M&S-based platform built on OPEN standard architecture simulating operational environments to support experiments regarding robot swarms operating mainly in the air and ground domains.

The platform, codename R2CD2 project, is built on selected constructive simulators and it includes the C2SIM interoperability language extension which enables interoperability between C2 systems and simulated robotic entities.

This paper presents the results of the first implementation of a platform prototype suitable to support the standardization and operationalization of the C2SIM language and its extensions to UAxS, through proof of concepts and M&S-based experimentation activities.

In conclusion, this paper contains a detailed technical overview of the prototype architecture and its implementation. Further prototype development is concentrated on several operational scenarios, several robot swarms behaviors, missions and tasks according to the robot level of autonomy within the operational vignettes.


Unmanned Autonomous Systems C2SIM R2CD2 Modelling and Simulation 



The authors thank all the Industry partners for the fruitful collaboration in the “Research on Robotics Concept and Capability Development (R2CD2)” project. In particular, the VITROCISET company which is the main author of the first demo implementation of the CBML XML schemas extension to autonomous systems and developer of the air domain part of the R2CD2 simulation environment. Moreover, many thanks go to MASA Group company, which developed all the land domain part of the same platform, making available also their simulator for the R2CD2 project. It cannot be forgotten that the results of this project would not be achieve without the availability of companies as Antycip and Systematic, which provided their products in the framework of technical agreements, according to the Open SimLab paradigm of the NATO M&S COE, a business model which foster collaboration and resource pooling among Government, Industry and Academia. Special thanks also to the C4I&Cyber center of George Mason University (Fairfax, VA, USA) always very supportive during further experimentation of the extension.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NATO Modelling and Simulation Centre of ExcellenceRomeItaly

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