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Uranium and Plants: Elemental Translocation and Phytoremediation Approaches

  • Dharmendra K. Gupta
  • Soumya Chatterjee
  • Anindita Mitra
  • Anna Voronina
  • Clemens Walther
Chapter
Part of the Radionuclides and Heavy Metals in the Environment book series (RHME)

Abstract

Uranium (U) is a ubiquitous element in nature, and 238U is the most abundant radioactive isotope of uranium. Because of the use of U for military purposes in the past and increasing use of nuclear power during the last decades, U contamination in the environment, mainly as a consequence of mining, plays an increasing role. But also NORM (naturally occurring radioactive matter) industries release uranium and its progenies into the environment. Plants naturally incorporate U into their body via root uptake, where different factors play important roles and some plants are more efficient than other. This fact is made use of for plant-based remediation of contaminated sites. Selection of suitable plants that can uptake high amount of the element without affecting their growth is very important. This review deals with uranium translocation in plants with a potential for phytoremediation practices.

Keywords

Uranium Uptake Plants Rhizosphere Hyperaccumulator AMF Metal transporters Radionuclide 

Notes

Acknowledgements

S.C. sincerely acknowledges and thanks Director, DRL (DRDO), Assam, India.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dharmendra K. Gupta
    • 1
  • Soumya Chatterjee
    • 2
  • Anindita Mitra
    • 3
  • Anna Voronina
    • 4
  • Clemens Walther
    • 1
  1. 1.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität HannoverInstitut für Radioökologie und Strahlenschutz (IRS)HannoverGermany
  2. 2.Defence Research Laboratory, DRDOTezpurIndia
  3. 3.Department of ZoologyBankura Christian CollegeBankuraIndia
  4. 4.Radiochemistry and Applied Ecology DepartmentPhysical Technology Institute, Ural Federal UniversityEkaterinburgRussia

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