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Industrially Important Pigments from Different Groups of Fungi

  • Ashok Kumar
  • Srishti Prajapati
  • Nikhil
  • Smriti Nandan
  • Trisha Guha Neogi
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

The worldwide tendency in the current era is to increase the use of natural pigments instead of synthetic ones. Relative to the toxic effects of synthetic pigments, natural pigments are easily degradable because they have no detrimental effects. So, alternative and effective environment eco-friendly sustainable technologies are highly needed. Fungi were recognized back in 1920. Because they have broad range of biological activities, fungi have been considered as a significant source of pigments. Among the fungal species in the soil, the genera Aspergillus, Fusarium, Penicillium, Paecilomyces, Epicoccum, Lecanicillium, Monascus, and Trichoderma are dominant for pigment production. The pigments commonly produced by fungi are such as arotenoids, melanins, quinones, flavins, ankaflavin, anthraquinone, naphthoquinone, and carotene. The use of fungal pigments has such benefits as easy and fast growth in inexpensive culture medium and different color shades, independent of weather conditions, and would be useful in various industrial applications. Pigments produced by soil fungi have tremendous use in medicines, textile coloring, food coloring, and cosmetics because of the important biological activities of these compounds.

Keywords

Color Dyes Fungi Industrial application Pigments Metabolites 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are very grateful to Professor Saket Kushwaha, Vice Chancellor, Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar, and Arunachal Pradesh, formerly Professor In-Charge, Rajiv Gandhi South Campus, Banaras Hindu University, Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh, India, for all necessary facilities, valuable suggestions, and cooperation during the course of this investigation.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashok Kumar
    • 1
  • Srishti Prajapati
    • 1
  • Nikhil
    • 1
  • Smriti Nandan
    • 1
  • Trisha Guha Neogi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding (Plant Biotechnology)Rajiv Gandhi South Campus, Banaras Hindu UniversityMirzapurIndia

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