After colonizing one of the most remote archipelagos on earth, and after centuries of resisting a continual procession of external agents and forces of detrimental change, descendants in many walks of life continue to avidly pursue, use, and manage natural resources in extended family and community settings across the Hawaiian Islands. This chapter describes additional meetings convened to refine efforts to advance traditional strategies for the use and management of natural resources across this island region. Although the powerful Ho‘ohanohano I Nā Kūpuna Puwalu series generated the impetus needed to effect legislative change and renew ancient systems of natural resource use and oversight, long-term success will likely rest in the hands of those who most clearly see and experience the value of applying traditional knowledge in the present-day.
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