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Voice Processing and Voice-Identity Recognition

  • Samuel Robert MathiasEmail author
  • Katharina von Kriegstein
Chapter
Part of the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research book series (SHAR, volume 69)

Abstract

The human voice is the most important sound source in our environment, not only because it produces speech, but also because it conveys information about the speaker. In many situations, listeners understand the speech message and recognize the speaker with minimal effort. Psychophysical studies have investigated which voice qualities (such as vocal timbre) distinguish speakers and allow listeners to recognize speakers. Glottal and vocal tract characteristics strongly influence perceived similarity between speakers and serve as cues for voice-identity recognition. However, the importance of a particular voice quality for voice-identity recognition depends on the speaker and the stimulus. Voice-identity recognition relies on a network of brain regions comprising a core system of auditory regions within the temporal lobe (including regions dedicated to processing glottal and vocal tract characteristics and regions that play more abstract roles) and an extended system of nonauditory regions representing information associated with specific voice identities (e.g., faces and names). This brain network is supported by early, direct connections between the core voice system and an analogous core face system. Precisely how all these brain regions work together to accomplish voice-identity recognition remains an open question; answering it will require rigorous testing of hypotheses derived from theoretical accounts of voice processing.

Keywords

Congenital phonagnosia Core face system Core voice system Glottal-pulse rate Vocal recognition Vocal timbre Vocal tract length 

Abbreviations

a

anterior

BOLD

blood-oxygen-level-dependent

d

distance measure

FFA

fusiform face area

fMRI

functional magnetic resonance imaging

FRU

facial recognition units

GPR

glottal-pulse rate

HG

Hechl’s gyrus

HNR

harmonics-to-noise ratio

IFG

inferior frontal gyrus

IPL

inferior parietal lobe

JND

just noticeable difference

M

middle

MEG

magnetoencephalography

P

posterior

PIN

person-identity nodes

PT

planum temporale

STG

superior temporal gyrus

STS

superior temporal sulcus

Th

perceptual threshold

TVA

temporal voice areas

VLPFC

ventrolateral prefrontal cortex

VRU

voice recognition units

VTL

vocal-tract length

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel Robert Mathias
    • 1
    Email author
  • Katharina von Kriegstein
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Neurocognition, Neurocomputation and Neurogenetics DivisionYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Technische Universität DresdenDresdenGermany
  3. 3.Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain SciencesLeipzigGermany

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