Turf Toe and Sesamoid Injuries

  • Matthew M. Buchanan


Injuries to the capsuloligamentous structures of the 1st metatarsalphalangeal (MTP) joint were first described by Ryan in 1975 and named “turf toe” by Bowers and Martin in 1976. This term generally includes injury occurring to the capsular, ligamentous, and osseous structures of the 1st MTP joint. Originally, this injury was described in football players and attributed to the increased traction afforded by the new artificial turf playing fields in combination with a lightweight, flexible shoe. Turf toe injuries are debilitating sports injuries because the hallux is pivotal to an athlete’s ability to accelerate and cut. These injuries are occurring with increasing frequency at all levels of competition.


Turf toe Plantar plate Sesamoid 1st metatarsal phalangeal (MTP) joint Flexor hallucis longus Flexor hallucis brevis Intersesamoid ligament Capsuloligamentous 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew M. Buchanan
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Sports Medicine and OrthopaedicsChattanoogaUSA

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