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Epigenetics in Forest Trees: Keep Calm and Carry On

  • María Carbó
  • Carolina Iturra
  • Barbara Correia
  • Francisco J. Colina
  • Mónica Meijón
  • Jose M. Álvarez
  • María Jesús Cañal
  • Rodrigo Hasbún
  • Gloria Pinto
  • Luis ValledorEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Trees are sessile and long-lived organism so they have to rapidly adapt to dynamic and unfavorable environments (drought, soil salinity, heat, …) for ensure their survival. Acclimation is mostly related to epigenetic regulation mechanisms that act responding to environmental stimuli and thus regulating gene expression during leaf development, floral transition, bud dormancy, and climate change induced abiotic stress response. Also, environmental stresses have been related to the transgenerational inheritance of epigenetic marks, called epigenetic memory. Epigenetic variation complements natural genetic variation as a source of phenotypic and functional diversity in plants, resulting in a phenotypic plasticity including also traits of transgenerational inheritance. This chapter provide an overview about how epigenetic mechanisms act, the memory role and new epi-variates definition that combined will help us to create new biotechnological tools for forest trees productivity improvement.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Carbó
    • 1
  • Carolina Iturra
    • 2
  • Barbara Correia
    • 3
  • Francisco J. Colina
    • 1
  • Mónica Meijón
    • 1
  • Jose M. Álvarez
    • 1
  • María Jesús Cañal
    • 1
  • Rodrigo Hasbún
    • 2
  • Gloria Pinto
    • 3
  • Luis Valledor
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Plant Physiology, Department of Organisms and Systems Biology and University Institute of Biotechnology (IUBA)University of OviedoOviedoSpain
  2. 2.Laboratorio de Epigenética Vegetal, Departamento de Silvicultura, Facultad de Ciencias ForestalesUniversidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  3. 3.Department of Biology and CESAMUniversity of AveiroAveiroPortugal

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