Conclusion: A Journey Through the Juncture of Nationalism, Militarism and Masculinity

  • Stratis Andreas Efthymiou


Nationalism, militarism and masculinity are co-constitutive and re-adapt through their relationship, protracting the conflict culture in post-conflict societies. This can hinder peace negotiations or political intercessions in terms of bringing peace and reconciliation. The masculinity co-constituting militarism and nationalism in post-conflict settings comprises two components: post-conflict masculinity, which refers to the stance of the community in the conflict situation; and hegemonic masculinity, which refers to the identity of men. Radical far-right agendas play a particular role in post-conflict societies, aiming to preserve traditional versions of nationalism, militarism and masculinity. The re-adaptation between nationalism, militarism and masculinity in European Cyprus is constructing new ideological borders, replacing the closed uncrossable ones, providing resistance to cross and the support for a professional army. The conclusions further point to how energy-related development (e.g. finding gas and petrol) can have an impact on conflict culture in post-conflict societies. The conclusion outlines how the work can be applied to policy on conflict resolution, civil–military relations, and comparative and internal defence policy.


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stratis Andreas Efthymiou
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Applied SciencesBerlinGermany

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