Three Stories of People Becoming Bilinguals in the Tibetan Areas of China from 1966

  • YiXi LaMuCuo
Part of the Multilingual Education book series (MULT, volume 34)


This chapter presents the stories of four Tibetan individuals from three different generations in various Tibetan areas as they developed bilingualism. A Ji’s story, which took place from 1968 to 1981, details her experiences of not learning written Tibetan until university, showing that the development of bilingualism illustrates the relationship between the development of a person and a society. Manlatso and Dawa belong to the same generation, but their stories depict tremendously different journeys towards bilingualism, indicating that developing bilingualism in Tibetan areas may be complex and vary widely from place to place. Chamba’s story taking place in Lhasa further shows how context affects bilingual development in Tibetan areas of China. All of these stories show how layers of experience at home and school might heavily influence bilingual development, further indicating how social, cultural, and political changes happening in the wider layers of society fundamentally affect individual learning.


Different generations Different journeys Developing bilingualism Individual learning A person and a society The Cultural Revolution 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • YiXi LaMuCuo
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Tibetan Culture & LanguageNorthwest Minzu UniversityLanzhouChina

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