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Bee Viruses and the Related Impact on Food Crops Worldwide

  • Suresh D. SharmaEmail author
  • Arpan R. Bhagat
  • Salvatore Parisi
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science book series (BRIEFSMOLECULAR)

Abstract

This chapter evaluates the impact of bee viruses on food crops and the predictable effect on food production. The production of crops worldwide can depend on many factors including temperature, moisture, salinity, pH of the soil, and the attack by biological agents such as aphids or viruses. With reference to the last problem, honeybees can act as target organisms. Because of the demonstrated correlation between the activity of honeybees, also named pollination, and the yield of certain crops (fruits, vegetables, and nuts), it can be also inferred that negative factors lowering pollination can cause the rise of food prices for vegetable raw materials. Therefore, new preventive approaches such as the surveillance of bees should be considered for prediction purposes, especially when speaking of factors influencing negatively pollination: the attack of bee viruses. The observed diminution of honeybees because of high mortality rates—the colony collapse disorder—has requested new studies concerning the use of pesticides, antibiotic therapies, and possible genetic selection strategies.

Keywords

Beekeeper Bee virus Colony collapse disorder Varroa Honeybee Neonicotinoid Pollination 

Abbreviations

ABPV

Acute bee paralysis virus

CCD

Colony collapse disorder

IAPV

Israeli acute paralysis virus

KBV

Kashmir bee virus

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suresh D. Sharma
    • 1
    Email author
  • Arpan R. Bhagat
    • 2
  • Salvatore Parisi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity Park, State CollegeUSA
  2. 2.Saputo Dairy Foods USA, LLCDallasUSA
  3. 3.Al-Balqa Applied UniversityAl-SaltJordan

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