A Virtual Test Platform for the Health Domain

  • Teun Hendriks
  • Kostas Triantafyllidis
  • Roland MathijssenEmail author
  • Jacco Wesselius
  • Piërre van de Laar


With the introduction of new functions and semi-autonomous movements, medical equipment is becoming increasingly complex. Verification and validation effort of medical equipment is increasing correspondingly. The trend in the industry towards series-of-one products ensures that a wide range of product configurations must be tested and validated. The related costs increase considerably. In the Enable-S3 project, virtualisation for testing has been investigated. Our research focuses on the domain of health. Virtual testing must be part of the process of product creation. In order to maintain its benefits, the development and maintenance of virtual components must be geared to the development of regular components. This chapter presents a conceptual framework for a virtual test platform to guide the introduction of virtual tests in the health domain and discusses aspects to be considered towards a virtual test platform.


Virtual testing Virtualisation Virtual test platform Health domain Enable-S3 



We thank our Enable-S3 project partner Philips for the collaboration in this project, and specifically Jacco van de Laar, Martijn Opheij, Jaap van der Voet, and Peter Benschop for their support, know-how of the health domain, and review of this chapter.

The research is carried out as part of the Enable-S3 program under the responsibility of ESI (TNO) with Philips as the carrying industrial partner. The Enable-S3 research is supported by the Netherlands Ministry of Economic Affairs (Toeslag voor Topconsortia voor Kennis en Innovatie).


  1. 1.
    Verbeek, X., Lord, W.: The care cycle: an overview. Medica Mundi. 51(1), 40–47 (2007)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    ENABLE-S3 Consortium: Generic Test Architecture. (2017). Accessed 10 Jan 2019
  4. 4.
  5. 5.
    Doornbos, R., Huijbrechts, B., Sleuters, J., Verriet, J., Ševo, K., Verberkt, M.: A domain model-centric approach for the development of large-scale office lighting systems. In: Bonjour, E., Krob, D., Palladino, L., Stephan, F. (eds.) Complex Systems Design & Management. CSD&M 2018. Springer, Cham (2019)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Verriet, J., Buit, L., Doornbos, R., Huijbrechts, B., Ševo, K., Sleuters, J., Verberkt, M.: Virtual prototyping of large-scale IoT control systems using domain-specific languages. Proceedings of MODELSWARD2019 (2019)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Moline, J.: Virtual reality for health care: a survey. Stud. Health Technol. Inform. 44, 3–34 (1997)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cloutier, R., Muller, G., Verma, D., Nilchiani, R., Hole, E., Bone, M.: The concept of reference architectures. Syst. Eng. 13(1), 14–27 (2010)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Muller, G., van de Laar, P.: Researching Reference Architectures and their relationship with frameworks, methods, techniques, and tools. In: Proceedings of the 7th Annual Conference on Systems Engineering Research (CSER 2009), Loughborough, England, 20–23 April (2009)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    van de Laar, P., Punter, T. (eds.): Views on Evolvability of Embedded Systems. Springer, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    van de Laar, P., Hendriks, T.: A retrospective analysis of Teletext: an interoperability standard evolving already over 30 years. Adv. Eng. Inform. 26(3), 516–528 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Van der Linden, F., Schmid, K., Rommes, E.: The product line engineering approach. In: Software Product Lines in Action, pp. 3–20. Springer, Berlin (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
    van Ommering, R., van der Linden, F., Kramer, J., Magee, J.: The koala component model for consumer electronics software. Computer. 33(3), 78–85 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Schyr, C., Brissard, A.: DrivingCube – a novel concept for validation of powertrain and steering systems with automated driving. In: Advanced Vehicle Control: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Advanced Vehicle Control (AVEC’16), Munich, 13–16 September 2016, p. 79. CRC Press, Boca Raton (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teun Hendriks
    • 1
  • Kostas Triantafyllidis
    • 1
  • Roland Mathijssen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jacco Wesselius
    • 1
  • Piërre van de Laar
    • 1
  1. 1.ESI (TNO)EindhovenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations