Memristive LSTM Architectures

  • Kazybek Adam
  • Kamilya Smagulova
  • Alex Pappachen JamesEmail author
Part of the Modeling and Optimization in Science and Technologies book series (MOST, volume 14)


Mainstream standard LSTM architecture that is currently used in Tensorflow library does not use the original architecture. In fact, there are many different architectures of LSTM. One of the more widely used architectures of LSTM is Coupled Input and Forget Gate (CIFG). It is known more as Gated Recurrent Units (GRU). This chapter will introduce the existing architectures of LSTM. Further it will present memristive LSTM architecture implementation in analog hardware. The implementation realizes the standard version of LSTM architecture. Other architecture variations can be easily constructed by rearranging, adding, and deleting the existing analog circuit parts; and adding extra crossbar rows.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kazybek Adam
    • 1
  • Kamilya Smagulova
    • 1
  • Alex Pappachen James
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Nazarbayev UniversityAstanaKazakhstan

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