Online Fiscal Transparency of US State Governments: An Analysis Using Public Value Framework
Although state governments in the United States have increasingly implemented open government data (OGD) portals for fiscal transparency, they differ in the extent to which the portals provide the financial data. In this paper, we apply Moore’s public value framework to analyze the factors that influence fiscal transparency through the OGD portals. Complementary methods of cluster analysis and case study provide insights into the patterns of OGD transparency and the factors with respect to the external authorizing environment and internal operational capability. We argue that enabling transparency legislation, responsive elected leadership to the constituency, and adapting to the rapidly evolving digital environment are important factors at the external level. Committed leadership, inter-agency collaboration, funding, and an organizational culture of transparency are important factors at the internal level.
KeywordsOnline budget transparency Open government data Public value US state governments
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