Children’s Views and Strategies for Making Friends in Linguistically Diverse English Medium Instruction Settings

  • Maryanne TheobaldEmail author
  • Gillian Busch
  • Megan Laraghy
Part of the Multilingual Education Yearbook book series (MEYB)


Despite one in four children in Australia entering preschool using English as an additional language or dialect (EAL/D) (Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) in Migration 2015–16. Retrieved from, 2017), Australian classrooms are predominantly monolingual English-speaking. This mismatch in languages may affect how participation and relationships are established. This chapter explores children’s strategies for making friends in settings characterised by linguistic diversity but where the medium of instruction is English. Child-friendly video-recorded interviews with 72 preschool-aged children, 3–4 years, were conducted in a preschool at an inner-city centre. Children were asked to talk and draw a picture about making friends when there are language differences. Children’s responses not only revealed their competencies in using non-verbal strategies to communicate with each other but also reflected inclusive attitudes. The importance of using a variety of languages as media of instruction, such as including songs and words representative of the minority languages of the classroom, and having positive conversations with children about language difference are highlighted.


Friendships Preschool Cultural and linguistic diversity Medium of instruction Inclusion Children’s views 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryanne Theobald
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gillian Busch
    • 2
  • Megan Laraghy
    • 3
  1. 1.Queensland University of TechnologyBrisbane CityAustralia
  2. 2.Central Queensland UniversityNorman GardensAustralia
  3. 3.Lady Gowrie Love Street Community KindergartenFortitude ValleyAustralia

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