The Test of Ubiquitous Through Real or Interactional Expertise (TURINEX) and Veganism as Expertise

  • Andrew Berardy
  • Thomas Seager


This chapter introduces the use of TURINEX, a test designed to assess communicative competence acquired through experiences that are insufficient to impart interactional expertise, but advance students beyond the novice stage. TURINEX mimics imitation games and may result in a finding of interactional competence instead of interactional expertise. Interactional competence is sufficient communicative competence to interact with experts on their level but not sufficient to sound like an expert themselves.


Interactional expertise Competence Communication 


  1. Alexander, Patricia. 2003. The Development of Expertise: The Journey from Acclimation to Proficiency. Educational Researcher 32 (8): 10–14. Scholar
  2. Berardy, Andrew, Thomas Seager, and Evan Selinger. 2011. Developing a Pedagogy of Interactional Expertise for Sustainability Education. Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technology, May. IEEE, 1–4.
  3. Berardy, Andrew, Thomas Seager, Evan Selinger, and Russel Uhl. 2013. TURINEX: A Social Science Tool to Help Understand and Predict Sustainable Consumption. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Sustainable Systems & Technologies, Cincinnati.
  4. Collins, Harry. 2004. Interactional Expertise as a Third Kind of Knowledge. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3. Springer, pp. 125–143.
  5. ———. 2011. Three Dimensions of Expertise. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 12 (2): 253–273. Scholar
  6. Collins, Harry, Robert Evans, Rodrigo Ribeiro, and Martin Hall. 2006. Experiments with Interactional Expertise. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 37 (4): 656–674. Scholar
  7. Collins, Harry, Robert Evans, and Mike Gorman. 2007. Trading Zones and Interactional Expertise. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (4): 657–666. Scholar
  8. Dreyfus, Stuart E. 2004. The Five-Stage Model of Adult Skill Acquisition. Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 24 (3): 177–181. Scholar
  9. Dunphy, Bruce, and Stacey Williamson. 2004. In Pursuit of Expertise. Advances in Health Sciences Education 9: 107–127. Scholar
  10. Seager, Thomas, Evan Selinger, and Arnim Wiek. 2011. Sustainable Engineering Science for Resolving Wicked Problems. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (4): 467–484. Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Berardy
    • 1
  • Thomas Seager
    • 1
  1. 1.Arizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Personalised recommendations