Transformations in the State
The institutional transformations in the Greek state should be seen in the light of wider—indeed global—changes in the nature of the state. It is a process that was initiated many years ago: Poulantzas called it authoritarian statism. It has to do with limiting the remit of representative institutions. The beginning of the new century was marked by the advent of a special kind of authoritarian statism, the regime of exceptional regulation. The assumption is that the “normal” operation of the state creates pathogens (e.g. economic crises and terrorism) justifying its suspension through even greater restrictions on relations of representation and reinforcement of institutions inaccessible to popular control. In Europe the most significant element in this process has been the latest European Union (EU) and Economic Monetary Union (EMU) agreements. Greece is the most representative example, given that a number of internal government functions have passed into the jurisdiction of lenders. It is this that has led to Greece being described as a quasi-protectorate.
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