Neuromodulation in Other TACS and Other Primary Headaches

  • Christoph J. Schankin
  • Fabio AntonaciEmail author
Part of the Headache book series (HEAD)


In addition to migraine, tension-type headache and cluster headache, there are several additional primary headaches. They comprise the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias paroxysmal hemicrania, hemicrania continua and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headaches with autonomic symptoms, which belong to the most excruciating headaches. Some are characterized by an absolute indomethacin responsiveness, but the long-term treatment tolerability profile might be a challange. In patients, who respond partly to or do not tolerate indomethacin, treatment with medication can be frustrating.

In this chapter, we present and discuss in detail current evidence for the use of invasive or non-invasive neuromodulation to address the problem of medically intractable trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias. Data for treatment of another primary headache, hypnic headache, with occipital nerve stimulation will also be presented.


Paroxysmal hemicrania Hemicrania continua SUNCT SUNA Neuromodulation DBS ONS VNS 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyInselspital, Bern University Hospital, University of BernBernSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Brain and Behavioural SciencesMondino National Institute of Neurology Foundation, University of PaviaPaviaItaly

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