Evisceration and Enucleation
Evisceration and enucleation of the eye are commonly performed procedures in ophthalmic practice. Enucleation is the removal of the entire globe from the orbit that includes the separation of the extraocular muscles and optic nerve from the globe. Evisceration is removal of the intraocular contents, but leaving the scleral shell in the socket. Adequate volume replacement after these surgeries with the placement of an orbital implant is crucial for cosmetic and functional rehabilitation. This chapter discusses the surgical technique, types of orbital implants, and common complications of evisceration and enucleation.
KeywordsEnucleation Evisceration Orbital implant Anophthalmic socket Post-enucleation socket syndrome Silicone PMMA (Polymethylmethacrylate) Hydroxyapatite Porous polyethylene Ptosis
None of the authors have any financial interests to disclose.
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