External Dacryocystorhinostomy

  • Daniele Lorenzano
  • Geoffrey E. Rose


Nasolacrimal duct stenosis or occlusion can give both “flow” symptoms (variable blurring of vision due to excess tear line; tear spillage) and “volume” symptoms due to mucoid debris refluxing from the lacrimal sac debris into the tear lake – causing gross smearing of the vision, recurrent conjunctivitis, dacryocystitis or gummed eyelids on awakening [1].


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniele Lorenzano
    • 1
  • Geoffrey E. Rose
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Moorfields Eye HospitalLondonUK
  2. 2.Institute of OphthalmologyLondonUK
  3. 3.City UniversityLondonUK

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